Understanding Infertility

What are the facts relating to infertility? Well, if you are hesitant to see a reproductive endocrinologist for tests, having a general idea about the diagnostic process may help.

According to ICMART, infertility is a person’s inability to reproduce after a year of regular and unprotected sex. Several factors affect the fertility of a man and a woman, and one must consider seeking help from medical professionals.

Who is Affected by Infertility?

Infertility can affect both women and men, but women are more affected than men according to statistics. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, one-third of infertility is attributed to women while one-third is attributed to men. Approximately, one-third is attributed to a combination of both partners. The following factors may cause infertility in females:

  • Age (fertility declines after the age of 35)
  • Irregular menstrual cycle or no period at all
  • STD or Sexually Transmitted Disease (e.g., Chlamydia)
  • Polyps or fibroids in the uterus
  • Blockages in the fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis which causes excessive tissue to surround an individual’s reproductive organs
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Menopause before the age of 40

The following factors may cause infertility in males:

  • Weak sperm
  • Sperm deficiency
  • History of having STD
  • Hormonal imbalances

If you think these factors are affecting you or your partner from getting pregnant, then seek medical advice from a doctor. Getting help will increase your chances of reproduction.

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